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双语 || 硕博研究生20条赫曼法则,你做到了几条?

2022/5/30 10:50:44 点击:88
 

哥伦比亚大学应用物理学教授赫曼(Irving P. Herman)针对研究生遇到的问题和困惑,从导师的角度对研究生如何顺利完成学位论文提出了20条忠告,被称为研究生学术研究赫曼法则(The Laws of Herman)。


如下英汉对照版本系毛浩然教授初译,或有不当之处,仅供参考。如有修订建议,欢迎您在页面下方留言。


1. Your vacation begins after you defend your thesis.

1. 学位论文答辩之后,再度假。

2. In research, what matters is what is right, and not who is right.
2. 学术研究中,谁对不重要,什么是对的才重要。

3. In research and other matters, your adviser is always right, most of the time.
3. 你要明白一点:无论是学术研究还是其他事情,导师错的时候不多。

4. Act as if your adviser is always right, almost all the time.
4. 绝大多数时候,按照导师的要求去做,基本上就没有问题。

5. If you think you are right and you are able to convince your adviser, your adviser will be very happy.
5. 与导师意见相左时,如果你能说服导师你是对的,导师会非常高兴。

6. Your productivity varies as (effective productive time spent per day)1,000.
6. 你的科研产出力与你每日有效工作时间的1000次方成正比。

7. Your productivity also varies as 1/(your delay in analysing acquired data)1,000.
7. 你的科研产出力与你延迟数据分析时间的1000次方成反比。

8. Take data today as if you know that your equipment will break tomorrow.
8. 如果今天能拿到数据就不要等到明天,说不定明天仪器设备就出问题了。

9. If you would be unhappy to lose your data, make a permanent back-up copy of them within five minutes of acquiring them.
9. 如果你不想因丢失数据而沮丧,每次获得数据后再多花5分钟做个永久备份。

10. Your adviser expects your productivity to be low initially and then to be above threshold after a year or so.
10. 导师不会指望你在初期就能有较大科研产出,但是一年以后,你一定要有所突破。

11. You must become a bigger expert in your thesis area than your adviser.
11. 你必须成为自己学位论文研究领域的专家,在这一研究领域甚至比你的导师更权威。

12. When you cooperate, your adviser’s blood pressure will go down a bit.
12. 如果你合作,导师的血压值将保持正常。

13. When you don't cooperate, your adviser's blood pressure either goes up a bit or it goes down to zero.
13. 如果你拒不合作,导师的血压要么升高,要么归零。

14. Usually, only when you can publish your results are they good enough to be part of your thesis.
14. 通常,研究成果只有达到发表的要求,才能写进学位论文。

15. The higher the quality, first, and quantity, second, of your publishable work, the better your thesis.
15. 可发表的成果先讲究质量,再讲究数量。质量越高、数量越多,你的学位论文就越优秀。

16. Remember, it is your thesis. You (!) need to do it.
16. 一定要记住:这是你的学位论文,你必须自己好好做。

17. Your adviser wants you to become famous, so that he/she can finally become famous.
17. 导师期待你能成名,这样他(她)脸上也有光。

18. Your adviser wants to write the best letter of recommendation for you that is possible.
18. 导师特别希望你表现优异,这样,他(她)就有机会为你写一封最棒的推荐信。

19. Whatever is best for you is best for your adviser.
19. 对你有利的事情,对你导师也有利。你好,他(她)也好。

20. Whatever is best for your adviser is best for you.
20. 对导师有利的事情,对你也有利。他(她)好,你也好。